European Court of Justice – may 2023

processing of personal data

European Court of Justice – may 2023

Reference for a preliminary ruling – Protection of personal data – Regulation (EU) 2016/679 – Article 88(1) and (2) – Processing of data in the employment context – Regional school system – Teaching by videoconference as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic – Implementation without the express consent of the teachers

ECJ, 30 March 2023, Case C 34/21, Hauptpersonalrat der Lehrerinnen und Lehrer beim Hessischen Kultusministerium v Minister des Hessischen Kultusministeriums.


Article 88 of Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (General Data Protection Regulation)

must be interpreted as meaning that national legislation cannot constitute a ‘more specific rule’, within the meaning of paragraph 1 of that article, where it does not satisfy the conditions laid down in paragraph 2 of that article.

Article 88(1) and (2) of Regulation 2016/679

must be interpreted as meaning that the application of national provisions adopted to ensure the protection of employees’ rights and freedoms in respect of the processing of their personal data in the employment context must be disregarded where those provisions do not comply with the conditions and limits laid down in Article 88(1) and (2), unless those provisions constitute a legal basis referred to in Article 6(3) of that regulation, which complies with the requirements laid down by that regulation.

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